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A 29-year-old male presented with vison changes for the last 2 to 3 months. The patient complains of throbbing, bifrontal headaches since childhood but notes an increased frequency with a visual abalogue scale (VAS) of 6 to 7 on a scale of 10 for the last 2 to 3 months. He denies nausea, light or noise sensitivity, neurological deficits, and diplopia. He has been treated only with intermittent ibuprofen for his headaches.


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  1. glaucia regina prata caobianco

    I think that he has migrane

  2. Waleed Basha

    Does the patient have a present history or past history of nasal symptoms ?

    Has the patient received any radiotherapy or chemotherapy post orchidectomy ?


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